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Medical speciality that studies diseases and disorders of the respiratory system.


Ernesto Martn Ruz

Dr. Ernesto Martín Ruíz

IMED Levante, IMED Elche, IMED Teulada


Diseases and disorders

Acute upper respiratory infections:

  • Infections of the upper respiratory tract
  • Common cold
  • Rhinitis
  • Sinusitis
  • Pharyngitis
  • Tonsillitis
  • Laryngitis
  • Tracheitis
  • Croup

Epiglottitis Acute lower respiratory infections:

  • Bronchitis
  • Bronchiolitis
  • Flu
  • Pneumonia (Viral, Bacterial, Parasitic, Nosocomial)
  • Bronchopneumonia

Other diseases of the upper airways

  • Non-allergic rhinitis
  • Hay fever
  • Atrophic rhinitis
  • Nasal polyps
  • Adenoid hypertrophy
  • Peritonsillar abscess
  • Nodules on the vocal cords
  • Laryngospasm

Chronic conditions and diseases:

  • Emphysema
  • COPD
  • Asthma
  • Status asthmaticus
  • Bronchiectasis

Lung disease caused by external agents:

  • Pneumoconiosis
  • Asbestosis
  • Silicosis
  • Bauxite pulmonary fibrosis
  • Berylliosis
  • Siderosis
  • Byssinosis
  • Hypersensitivity Pneumonitis (Allergic alveolitis, Farmer’s lung, Bird fancier’s lung)

Other interstitial pulmonary diseases:

  • Acute respiratory distress syndrome
  • Pulmonary oedema
  • Hamman
  • Rich syndrome
  • Interstitial pulmonary disease
  • Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis

Suppurative necrotic conditions of the lower respiratory tract:

  • Pulmonary abscess
  • Pleural effusion
  • Empyema

Other diseases and disorders:

  • Pneumothorax
  • Haemothorax
  • Haemopneumothorax
  • Mendelson’s Syndrome
  • Respiratory insufficiency
  • Atelectasis
  • Pneumomediastinum
  • Mediastinitis


  • Avoid getting a chill and sudden changes in temperature.
  • Eat seasonal fruit and supplements that contain vitamin C.
  • Avoid walking barefoot on cold surfaces, since getting a chill in the back, chest and feet increases the probability of developing a cough, cold or more complex respiratory diseases.
  • Implement consistent hygiene habits, such as keeping your surroundings clean, consistently and conscientiously washing your hands: before eating, after going to the toilet, after using shared objects such as telephones, pens, etc.; before and after shaking hands, kissing or hugging; never touch your face with dirty hands, especially your eyes, nose and mouth.
  • Whenever you sneeze or cough, do so into the inside of your arm or a tissue, which you should then throw away immediately.
  • Never cover your mouth with your hands, or if you do, wash them immediately.
  • Do not smoke and avoid being close to people who do smoke.